Sabtu, 25 Desember 2010

ISTILAH KOMPUTER

ISTILAH KOMPUTER

abacus -cepoa/abakus

abbreviated address calling -panggilan alamat singkat

abend -aben

abend dump -longgokan aben

abend exit -keluar aben

abend recovery program -aturcara pemulihan aben

abnormal end (abend) –pengakhiran tak normal (aben)

abnormal ending -pengakhiran tak normal

abnormal termination -penamatan tak normal

abort -henti paksa

abort timer -pemasa henti paksa

absolute address -alamat mutlak

absolute addressing -pengalamatan mutlak

absolute coding -pengekodan mutlak

absolute command -perintah mutlak

absolute coordinate -koordinat mutlak

absolute error -ralat mutlak

absolute instruction -suruhan mutlak

absolute long addressing -pengalamatan panjang mutlak

absolute movement -pergerakan mutlak

absolute programming -pengaturcaraan mutlak a

absolute short addressing -pengalamatan pendek mutlak

absolute vector -vektor mutlak

abstract data type (ADT) -jenis data niskala (ADT)

abstract machine -mesin niskala

abstracting program -aturcara peringkasan

abstraction -peniskalaan; peringkasan

AC dump -longgokan AC

accelerated life test -ujian hayat terpecut

accelerator board -papan pemecut

accelerator program -aturcara pemecut

acceptance criteria -kriteria penerimaan

acceptance test -ujian penerimaan

access address -alamat capaian

access arm -lengan capaian

access -capaian

access channel -saluran capaian

access code -kod capaian

access control mechanism -mekanisme kawal capaian

access control word -kata kawal capaian

access cycle -kitar capaian

access mechanism -mekanisme capaian

access method -kaedah capaian

access mode -mod capaian

access path -laluan capaian

access permission -keizinan capaian

access right -hak capaian

access scan -imbas capaian

access time -masa capaian

accessible state -keadaan boleh capai

accessing formula -rumus capaian

accessor control -kawalan pencapai

accounting file -fail perakaunan

accounting routine -rutin perakaunan

accumulating counter -pembilang tumpuk

accumulator machine -mesin penumpuk

accumulator -penumpuk

accumulator shift -anjakan penumpuk

accuracy control -kawalan kejituan

acknowledge character (ACK character) –aksara akuan (aksara ACK)

acknowledgement -perakuan

acoustic coupler -pengganding akustik

acoustic memory -ingatan akustik

acoustic modem -modem akustik

acoustic storage -storan akustik

action procedure -tatacara tindakan

activation record -rekod pengaktifan

active cell -sel aktif

active channel -saluran aktif

active circuit -litar aktif

active file -fail aktif

active port -port aktif

active program -aturcara aktif

active star -bintang aktif

active state -keadaan aktif

active time -masa aktif

active window -tetingkap aktif

active-highstate –keadaan aktif-tinggi

active-low state –keadaan aktif-rendah

activity file -fail aktiviti

activity network -rangkaian aktiviti

actual address -alamat sebenar

actual argument -argumen sebenar

actual parameter -parameter sebenar

actuating signal -isyarat penggerak

actuator -penggerak

acyclic process -proses tak berkitar

adapter board -papan penyesuai

adaptive process -proses mudah suai

adaptive routing -penghalaan mudah suai

adaptive system -sistem mudah suai

add mode -mod tambah

add operation -pengendalian tambah

addend -aden

addend register -daftar aden

adder -penambah

adder-subtracter -penambah-penolak

add-in memory -ingatan tambahan

adding circuit -litar tambah

adding counter -pembilang tambah

adding mechanism –mekanisme tambah

addition record -rekod penambahan

addition table -jadual penambahan

address adjustment -pelarasan alamat

address -alamat

address array -tatasusunan alamat

address assignment -umpukan alamat

address bus -bas alamat

address calculation -penghitungan alamat

address code -kod alamat

address comparator -pembanding alamat

address component -komponen alamat

address computation -pengiraan alamat

address constant literal -harafiah pemalar alamat

address constant -pemalar alamat

address conversion -penukaran alamat

address format -format alamat

address instruction -suruhan alamat

address latch -selak alamat

address modification -pengubahsuaian alamat

address multiplexer -pemultipleks alamat

address part -bahagian alamat

address reference –rujukan alamat

address register -daftar alamat

address selection -pemilihan alamat

address space -ruang alamat

address substitution -penggantian alamat

address trace -surihan alamat

address translation -penterjemahan alamat

address vector -vektor alamat

addressable memory -ingatan boleh alamat

addressable point -titik boleh alamat

addressing character -aksara pengalamatan

addressing mode -mod pengalamatan

addressing -pengalamatan .

addressless instruction -suruhan tanpa alamat

add-subtract counter –pembilang tambah-tolak

adjacency list -senarai kesebelahan

adjacency matrix -matriks kesebelahan

adjacency table -jadual kesebelahan

adjacent domain -domain bersebelahan

adjacent node -nod bersebelahan

administrative data processing -pemprosesan data pentadbiran

advanced programming -pengaturcaraan lanjutan

aesthetic content –kandungan estetik

affirmative acknowledge -akuan pasti

agenda -agenda

air floating head -kepala apung udara

alarm display -paparan penggera

alarm -penggera

algebraic adder -penambah aljabar

algebraic manipulation language - bahasa pengolahan aljabar

algorithm -algoritma

algorithm translation -penterjemahan algoritma

algorithmic addressing -pengalamatan algoritma

algorithmic language -bahasa algoritma

algorithmic method -kaedah algoritma

algorithmic state machine -mesin keadaan algoritma

alias -alias

alignment mark -tanda penjajaran

allocated block -blok teruntuk

allocated node -nod teruntuk

allocation routine -rutin peruntukan

alpha testing -pengujian alfa

alphabetic character -aksara abjad

alphabetic code -kod abjad

alphabetic collating device -peranti kumpul-semak abjad

alphabetic data code -kod data abjad

alphameric code -kod abjad angka

alphanumeric character -aksara abjad angka

alphanumeric code -kod abjad angka

alphanumeric data -data abjad angka

alphanumeric representation -perwakilan abjad angka

alphanumeric sort -isihan abjad angka

alphanumeric type bar -bar taip abjad angka

alter mode -mod ubah

alternate instruction -suruhan ganti

alternate routing -penghalaan ganti

alternate statement -kenyataan ganti

alternate tape drive -pemacu pita ganti

alternate track -runut ganti

alternating acknowledge -akuan berselang

alternative track -runut pilihan; jejak pilihan

ambient conditions -keadaan sekitar

ambient temperature -suhu sekitar

ambiguity error -ralat ketaksaan

ambiguous reference -rujukan taksa

analog adder -penambah analog

analog -analog

analog channel -saluran analog

analog computer -komputer analog

analog data -data analog

analog display unit -unit paparan analog

analog divider -pembahagi analog

analog input -input analog

analog output -output analog

analog representation -perwakilan analog

analog signal -isyarat analog

analog simulation -penyelakuan analog

analog transmission -penghantaran analog

analog variable -pemboleh ubah analog

analogue-to-digital converter (ADC) -penukar analog ke digital (ADC)

analyst -juruanalisis

analytical engine -enjin analisis

analyzer -penganalisis

AND gate -get DAN

annex memory -ingatan tambahan

annotation symbol -lambang catatan

answer lamp -lampu jawab

answer mode -mod jawab

answerback - jawab balik

anticipatory paging –penghalaman jangkaan

anticipatory staging –pemeringkatan jangkaan

anticoincidence circuit -litar antikesekenaan

antistatic mat -alas antistatik

append -tambah

application backlog -tunggakan penggunaan

application conversion -penukaran penggunaan

application layer -lapisan penggunaan

application organization -organisasi.penggunaan

application program -aturcara penggunaan

application programming interface (API) -antara muka pengaturcaraan penggunaan (API)

application software -perisian penggunaan

arbitrary access -capaian sebarangan

arbitrary parameter -parameter sebarangan

arbitrary precision multiplication –pendaraban kepersisan sebarangan

arbitrary sequence computer -komputer jujukan sebarangan

archival storage -storan arkib

archived file -fail arkib

area search -gelintaran kawasan

argument - argumen

argument address -alamat argumen

argument check -semakan argumen

argument passing -penghuluran argumen

arithmetic code fragment -serpihan kod aritmetik

arithmetic constant -pemalar aritmetik

arithmetic conversion -penukaran aritmetik

arithmetic data -data aritmetik

arithmetic element -unsur aritmetik

arithmetic expression -ungkapan aritmetik

arithmetic instruction -suruhan aritmetik

arithmetic logic unit (ALU) -unit aritmetik logik (ALU)

arithmetic operation -pengendalian aritmetik

arithmetic overflow -limpah atas aritmetik

arithmetic register -daftar aritmetik

arithmetic relation -hubungan aritmetik

arithmetic shift -anjakan aritmetik

arithmetic technique -teknik aritmetik

arithmetic term -sebutan aritmetik

arithmetic underflow -limpah bawah aritmetik

array access -capaian tatasusunan

array processor -pemproses tatasusunan

array -tatasusunan

arrival rate -kadar ketibaan

artificial cognition -pengenalan buatan

artificial intelligence (AI) -kecerdasan buatan (AI)

artificial language –bahasa buatan

artificial load -beban buatan

artificial vision -penglihatan buatan

ascender -tangkai atas

ascending order -tertib menaik

ascending sequence –jujukan menaik

ASCII code -kod ASCII

aspect ratio -nisbah bidang

assemble -himpun

assembled origin -asalan terhimpun

assembler directive –arahan penghimpun

assembler instruction -suruhan penghimpun

assembler -penghimpun

assembly language -bahasa himpunan

assembly listing -senarai himpunan

assembly routine -rutin himpunan

assembly testing -pengujian himpunan

assembly time -masa himpunan

assertion -penerapan

assignment operator -pengendali umpukan

assignment statement -kenyataan umpukan

assignment symbol -simbol umpukan

assignment -umpukan

associative storage -storan bersekutu

asterisk -asterisk

asterisk protection -perlindungan asterisk

asynchronous communication interface adapter (ACIA) -penyesuaiantara muka komunikasi tak segerak (ACIA)

asynchronous communication -komunikasi tak segerak

asynchronous computer -komputer tak segerak

asynchronous counter –pembilang tak segerak

asynchronous device -peranti tak segerak

asynchronous frame -bingkai tak segerak

asynchronous procedure -tatacara tak segerak

asynchronous transmission -penghantaran tak segerak

asynchronous unit -unit tak segerak

atom -atom

atomic symbol -simbol atom

attached processing -pemprosesan bergabung

attached processor -pemproses sangkut

attended operation -pengendalian berjaga

attenuation -pemerosotan

attribute -atribut

atutomatic disconnect – putus automatik

audible alarm -penggera boleh dengar

audible indicator -penunjuk boleh dengar

audio device -peranti audio

audio response -sambutan audio

audit program -aturcara audit

audit trail -jejak audit

augend -augen

authoring language -bahasa pengarangan

authoring system -sistem pengarangan

authorization sequence –jujukan sah kuasa

authorization verification –pengesahbetulan kuasa

authorized program -aturcara berizin

autoanswer -autojawab

autobypass -autopintas

autocall –autopanggil

autodecrement -autosusut

autodial –autodail

autoincrement –autotokok

autoload -automuat

automata -automata

automata theory -teori automata

automated flowcharting -pencarta aliran berautomat

automated glossary -glosari berautomat

automated office -pejabat berautomat

automated teller machine (ATM) -juruwang berautomat (ATM)

automatic answering -penjawapan automatik

automatic callback -panggil balik automatik

automatic calling equipment -kelengkapan panggilan automatik

automatic calling unit -unit panggilan automatik

automatic carriage -pembawa automatik

automatic character generation -penjanaan aksara automatik

automatic computer -komputer automatik

automatic control circuit -litar kawalan automatik

automatic control engineering -kejuruteraan kawalan automatik

automatic data processing (ADP) -pemprosesan data automatik .(ADP)

automatic feedback control system -sistem kawalan suap balik automatik

automatic field duplication -penduaan medan automatik

automatic formatting -pemformatan automatik

automatic function -fungsi automatik

automatic indexing – pengindeksan automatik

automatic interrupt -sampukan automatik

automatic key generation -penjanaan kunci automatik

automatic loader -pemuat automatik

automatic logon -log masuk automatik

automatic machining center -pusat pemesinan automatik

automatic message-switching center -pusat pensuisan mesej automatik

automatic paper carriage -penyorong kertas automatik

automatic programming language -bahasa pengaturcaraan automatik

automatic programming -pengaturcaraan automatik

automatic programming tool - peralatan pengaturcaraan automatik

automatic reading -pembacaan automatik

automatic recovery -pemulihan automatik

automatic reset -pengesetan semula automatik

automatic send-receive -hantar-terima automatik

automatic sequence-controlled computer -komputer kawalan jujukan automatik

automatic sequencing – penjujukan automatik

automatic sequential operation –pengendalian jujukan automatik

automatic shutdown -penutupan automatik

automatic skip -langkauan automatik

automatic stop -hentian automatik

automatic storage allocation -peruntukan storan automatik

automatic switchover -suis alih automatik

automatic task initiation -pengawalan tugas automatik

automatic telex facility -kemudahan teleks automatik

automatic test equipment -kelengkapan ujian automatik

automatic ticketing machine -mesin tiket automatik

automatic timer -pemasa automatik

automatic upshift -anjakan atas automatik

automatic volume switching –pensuisan jilid automatik

automation -pengautomatan

automonitor -autoawas

automotive computer -komputer automotif

autonomous computer –komputer berautonomi

autonomous operation -pengendalian berautonomi

autoplotter -autopemplot

autopolling -autotinjau

autorepeat -autoulang

autorestart -automula semula

autoscore -autogaris

autoskip -autolangkau

autostart -automula

auxiliary accumulator -penumpuk bantu

auxiliary console -konsol bantu

auxiliary memory -ingatan bantu

auxiliary operation -pengendalian bantu

available time -masa boleh sedia

AVL tree -pepohon AVL

axiom -aksiom

backbone circuit -litar tulang belakang

backbone network -rangkaian tulang belakang

back-end processor -pemproses bahagian belakang

backfill -kambus balik

background image -imej latarbelakang

background job -kerja latar belakang

background memory -ingatan latar belakang

background processing -pemprosesan latar belakang

background program -aturcara latar belakang

backing storage -storan sandaran

backing-up -penyandaran

backplane -satah belakang

backspace key –kekunci undur ruang

backspace pawl -ruas undur ruang

backspace –undur ruang

backtrack -patah balik

backtracking -pematahbalikan

backup copy -salinan sandar

backup file -fail sandar

backup processor –pemproses sandar

backup -sandar

backup system -sistem sandar

backup tape -pita sandar

Backus normal form -bentuk Backus normal

Backus-Naurform (BNF) –bentuk Backus-Naur (BNF)

backward chaining - perantaian ke belakang

backward read - bacaan ke belakang

bad parity -pariti rosak

bad sector -sektor rosak

balanced merging -percantuman seimbang

balanced tree -pepohon seimbang

ball printer - pencetak bebola

band matrix –matriks jalur

band printer –pencetak jalur

bandwidth -lebar jalur

bar code -kod bar

bar code reader -pembaca kod bar

bar printer -pencetak bar

bare board -papan kosong

base address -alamat asas

base displacement address -alamat sesaran asas

base page addressing -pengalamatan halaman asas

base register -daftar asas

base table -jadual asas

baseband -jalur asas

baseband transmission –penghantaran jalur asas

baseline document -dokumen asas

baseline -garis tapak

baseplate –plat tapak

basic block -blok asas

basic circuit -litar asas

basic code -kod asas

basic disk operating cakera system (BDOS) - sistem pengendalian asas (BDOS)

basic file -fail asas

basic format -format asas

basic input-output system (BIOS) –sistem input-output asas (BIOS)

basic instruction set -set suruhan asas

basic interconnection -saling sambungan asas

basic mode -mod asas

basic operating system (BOS) -sistem pengendalian asas (BOS)

basic storage -storan asas

batch assembly –himpunan kelompok

batch header -kepala kelompok

batch job –kerja kelompok

batch mode -mod kelompok

batch monitor -pengawas kelompok

batch operating system - sistem pengendalian kelompok

batch processing -pemprosesan kelompok

batch total -jumlah kelompok

batch transaction file -fail urus niaga kelompok

batch transfer –pemindahan kelompok

batch transmission –penghantaran kelompok

bath tub curve -lengkung tub mandi

baud -baud

baud rate generator -penjana kadar baud

baud rate -kadar baud

beam storage -storan alur

beep - bip

bell character -aksara loceng

benchmark problem -masalah tanda aras

benchmark -tanda aras

benchmark test -pengujian tanda aras

Bernoulli box -kotak Bernoulli

best fit algorithm -algoritma paling cocok

bidirectional counter -pembilang dwiarah

bidirectional flow -aliran dwiarah

bidirectional gate -get dwiarah

bidirectional printer -pencetak dwiarah

bidirectional pulse -denyut dwiarah

bidirectional transmission -penghantaran dwiarah

bifurcation method -kaedah dwibelah

bifurcation state -keadaan dwiwujud billicycle -bilikitar

binary adder -penambah perduaan

binary arithmetic operation -pengendalian aritmetik perduaan

binary cell -sel perduaan

binary character set -set aksara perduaan

binary chop –penggalan perduaan

binary code -kod perduaan

binary coded address -alamat berkod perduaan

binary coded decimal (BCD) -perpuluhan berkod perduaan (BCD)

binary coded octal (BCO) -perlapanan berkod perduaan (BCO)

binary command -perintah perduaan

binary decimal code -kod perpuluhan perduaan

binary device -peranti perduaan

binary digit –digit perduaan

binary file -fail perduaan

binary information -maklumat perduaan

binary integer -integer perduaan

binary loader -pemuat perduaan

binary notation -tatatanda perduaan

binary number - nombor perduaan

binary -perduaan

binary point -titik perduaan

binary position -kedudukan perduaan

binary radix -radiks perduaan

binary search -gelintaran perduaan

binary search tree -pepohon gelintar perduaan

binary system -sistem perduaan

binary tree -pepohon perduaan

binary tree search -gelintaran pepohon perduaan

binding -pengikatan

binding time -masa pengikatan

biochip -biocip

biosensor –biopenderia

bipary unit -unit perduaan

biphase coding -pengekodan dwifasa

bipolar RAM -RAM dwikutub

biquinary code -kod dwiperlimaan

bisynchronous transmission -penghantaran dwisegerak

bit banging -penghentaman bit

bit -bit

bit bucket -baldi bit

bit bumming -penyendatan bit

bit configuration -tatarajah bit

bit density -ketumpatan bit

bit error rate -kadar ralat bit

bit image -imej bit

bit location -tempat bit

bit manipulation -pengolahan bit

bit map -peta bit

bit pattern -corak bit

bit position -kedudukan bit

bit rate -kadar bit

bit ratio -nisbah bit

bit slice processor -pemproses hiris bit

bit stream –strim bit

bit string -rentetan bit

bit stuffing -penyumbatan bit

bit synchronization -penyegerakan bit

bit test -ujian bit

bit transfer -pindahan bit

bit-mapped screen -skrin berpeta bit

black box - kotak hitam

blank character -aksara kosong

blank column detector -pengesan lajur kosong

blank medium -bahantara kosong

blanking -pemadaman

blast -lebur

blind search -gelintaran buta-tuli

blinking cursor -kursor kelip

blip -blip

block -blok

block check character -aksara semakan blok

block check -semakan blok

block control unit -unit kawalan blok

block diagram -gambar rajah blok

block error rate -kadar ralat blok

block gap -sela blok

block handler -pengendali blok

block heading statement -kenyataan tajuk blok

block length -panjang blok

block loading -pemuatan berblok

block marker track -runut penanda blok

block move -alihan blok

block multiplexing -pemultipleksan blok

block nesting -penyarangan blok

block prefix -awalan blok

block selection -pemilihan blok

block sequence indicator – penunjuk jujukan blok

block sort -isihan blok

block structure -struktur blok

block transfer -pemindahan blok

blocked record -rekod terblok

blocking factor -faktor pemblokan

block-structured language -bahasa berstruktur blok

blue ribbon program -aturcara cemerlang

board exchange warranty -jaminan ganti papan

bold character -aksara tebal

bombed process -proses meletup

Boolean expression -ungkapan Boolean

Boolean logic –logik Boolean

Boolean operation -pengendalian Boolean

Boolean variable -pemboleh ubah Boolean

boot -but

bootstrap -ikat but

bootup disk - cakera but

borrow digit -digit pinjam

bottom margin -jidar bawah

bottom-up design -reka bentuk bawah-atas

boundary register -daftar sempadan

brainware -perisian akal

branch address -alamat cabang

branch instruction –suruhan cabang

branch node --nod cabang

branch point -titik cabang

branch-on-condition -cabang bersyarat

breadth-first search -gelintaran kelebaran dahulu

break key -kekunci putus

breakpoint instruction -suruhan titik putus

breakpoint -titik putus

bridge -titi

bridgeware -perisian titi

briefcase computer –komputer bimbit

broad band -jalur lebar

browse -semak seimbas

bubble memory -ingatan gelembung

bubble sort -isihan gelembung

bucket -baldi

bucket list -senarai baldi

bucket sort -isihan baldi

buddy system –sistem kawan

buffer channel -saluran penimbal

buffer gate -get penimbal

buffer -penimbal

buffer space -ruang penimbal

buffer variable -pemboleh ubah penimbal

buffering area -kawasan penimbalan

bug -pepijat

built-in routine -rutin bina-dalam

bulk eraser -pemadam pukal

bulk storage -storan pukal

bulletin board –papan buletin

bundled software -perisian tergabung

burning -peleburan

burst mode -mod letusan

bus -bas

bus contention –telagahan bas

bus driver -pemacu bas

bus extender -pemanjang bas

bus interface -antara muka bas

bus listener -pendengar bas

bus master -tuan bas

bus network -rangkaian bas

bus request -permintaan bas

bus slave -hamba bas

bus topology -topologi bas

bus traffic -trafik bas

bus width -kelebaran bas

bus wire -dawai bas

business calculating machine -mesin hitung niaga

business computer -komputer niaga

busy token -token sibuk

byte -bait

byte boundary -sempadan bait

byte machine -mesin bait

byte manipulation -pengolahan bait

byte multiplexer channel -saluran pemultipleks bait

byte multiplexing -pemultipleksan bait

cache memory -ingatan cache

calculated address -alamat terhitung

calculating speed -kelajuan hitung

calculation specification -spesifikasi perhitungan

calculator -mesin hitung

call control procedure -tatacara kawal panggil

call directing code -kod arah panggil

call error –ralat panggil

call instruction -suruhan panggil

call-by-name -panggil ikut nama

call-by-reference -panggil ikut rujukan

call-by-value -panggil ikut nilai

calling sequence -jujukan panggil

Cambridge ring -gelang Cambridge

cancel character -aksara batal

canned software -perisian kaleng

canonical form -bentuk berkanun

capstan -kapstan

card aligner - penjajar kad

card assembler -penghimpun kad

card cage -sangkar kad

card channel -saluran kad

card column -lajur kad

card cornering system -sistem pembelokan kad

card count -bilangan kad

card counter -pembilang kad

card cycle -kitar kad

card design -reka bentuk kad

card duplicator -pendua kad

card edge -pinggir kad

card feed device -peranti suap kad

card feeder -penyuap kad

card file -fail kad

card format -format kad

card gripper –pencengkam kad

card interpreter -pentafsir kad

card jam –kesengkangan kad

card layout -bentangan kad

card layout form -borang bentangan kad

card magazine -lelopak kad

card passage –lorong kad

card path -laluan kad

card picker -pemungut kad

card program -aturcara kad

card punch -penebuk kad

card reader -pembaca kad

card reversing device -peranti pembalikan kad

card row -baris kad

card sorter -pengisih kad

card weight - berat kad

card-controlled calculator -mesin hitung kawalan kad

card-controlled tape punch -penebuk pita kawalan kad

cardinality -kekardinalan

card-programmed -kad teraturcara

card-to-magnetic tape converter -penukar kad ke pita magnet

card-to-paper tape converter -penukar kad ke pita kertas

card-to-printer converter –penukar kad ke pencetak

card-to-tape converter -penukar kad ke pita

caret character -aksara karet

carriage control character -aksara kawal penyorong

carriage position register -daftar kedudukan penyorong

carriage return -pengembalian penyorong

carrier detect -kesan pembawa

carrier sensing -penderiaan pembawa

carrier transmission system -sistem penghantaran pembawa

carry bit -bit bawa

carry digit -digit bawa

cartridge drive -pemacu kartrij

cascade control -kawalan latar

cascade merge sort -isih cantum lata

cascaded carry -bawaan lata

cascaded circuit -litar lata

cascaded multiplexer -pemultipleks lata

catena -jerait

cell -sel

center text -teks tengah

central memory -ingatan pusat

central processing unit (CPU)- unit pemprosesan pusat (CPU)

central processor –pemproses pusat

central site -tapak pusat

centralized data processing -pemprosesan data terpusat

centralized network -rangkaian terpusat

centralized system -sistem terpusat

chadless tape -pita tanpa reja

chain printer -pencetak rantai

chained list search -gelintaran senarai berantai

chained list -senarai berantai

chained record -rekod berantai

channel adapter -penyesuai saluran

channel busy -saluran sibuk

channel code -kod saluran

channel loading –pembebanan saluran

channel status byte -bait status saluran

channel status word -kata status saluran

character -aksara

character alignment -penjajaran aksara

character buffer -penimbal aksara

character center line -garis tengah aksara

character checking -semakan aksara

character code -kod aksara

character density -ketumpatan aksara

character display device -peranti paparan aksara

character droop -lelai aksara

character error rate -kadar ralat aksara

character fill -pengisian aksara

character font -fon aksara

character generator -penjana aksara

character map -peta aksara

character pitch -pic aksara

character printer -pencetak aksara

character reader -pembaca aksara

character recognition -pengecaman aksara

character set -set aksara

character size -saiz aksara

character skew -kepencongan aksara

character spacing -jarak aksara

character string -rentetan aksara

character stroke -lejang aksara

character style -gaya aksara

character subset –subset aksara

character suppression -peniadaan aksara

character switch -suis aksara

character synchronization – penyegerakan aksara

character tabulation –penjadualan aksara

characteristic function -fungsi ciri

charge-coupled device (CCD) - peranti caj terganding (CCD)

check bit -bit semak

check character -aksara semak

check digit -digit semak

check feed -suapan semak

check mark channel -saluran tanda semak

check plot -plot semak

check routine -rutin semak

checking device -peranti semak

checking program -aturcara semak

checkpoint restart -permulaan semula titik semak

checksum -hasil tambah semak

checkword -kata semak

child process -proses anak

child segment -segmen anak

chip -cip

chop -penggal

cipher text -teks sifer

circuit board -papan litar

circuit logic -logik litar

circuit module –modul litar

circuit plate -plat litar

circuit switching -pensuisan litar

circular list -senarai membulat

circular shift –anjakan membulat

clean data -data bersih

clear memory -ingatan kosong

clear screen -skrin kosong

clear-to-send signal (CTS signal) -isyarat boleh hantar (isyarat CTS)

client-server computing –pengkomputeran pelanggan- pelayan

client-server -pelanggan-pelayan

clipboard -papan keratan

clipping program - aturcara pengetipan; aturcara pengeratan

clock cycle -kitar jam

clock error –ralat jam

clock frequency –frekuensi jam

clock -jam

clock marker track -runut penanda jam

clock operation –pengendalian jam

clock pulse –denyut jam

clock rate -kadar jam

clock register -daftar jam

clock signal -isyarat jam

clock slip –gelinciran jam

clock system –sistem jam

clock track –runut jam

clock-actuated device -peranti gerakan jam

clock-actuated read-out -bacaan gerakan jam

close statement -kenyataan tutup

closed array -tatasusunan tertutup

closed file -fail tertutup

closed loop -gelung tertutup

closed loop system -sistem gelung tertutup

closed routine -rutin tertutup

closed shop concept -konsep kedai tertutup

closed shop operation -pengendalian kedai tertutup

closure -penutupan

cluster control unit -unit kawal gugusan

cluster controller -pengawal gugusan

coalesce file -fail bertaut

coaxial cable -kabel sepaksi

coaxial connector -penyarnbung sepaksi

code conversion -penukaran kod

code converter –penukar kod

code disk –cakera kod

code element set -set unsur kod

code element -unsur kod

code extension -perluasan kod

code field -medan kod

code hole -lubang kod

code independent data –data tak bersandar

code -kod

code pattern –corak kod

code punching -penebukan kod

code sheet -helaian kod

code structure -struktur kod

code translator -penterjemah kod

code unit -unit kod

code walkthrough -lintas semak

coded arithmetic data -data aritmetik berkod

coded data -data berkod

coded decimal notation -tatatanda perpuluhan berkod

coded disk -cakera berkod

coded image -imej berkod

coded input –input berkod

coded instruction –suruhan berkod

coded output -output berkod

coded program -aturcara berkod

coded representation -perwakilan berkod

coded set -set berkod

coder -pengekod

coding device -peranti pengekodan

coding form -borang pengekodan

coding matrix -matriks pengekodan

coding method -kaedah pengekodan

coding -pengekodan

coding scheme -skim pengekodan

coherent rotation -pemutaran koheren

cohesion –kohesi

coincident-current memory -ingatan arus sekena

cold boot -but sejuk

cold fault -kegagalan sejuk

cold site -tapak sejuk

cold start -permulaan sejuk

collate -kumpul-semak

collating sequence -jujukan kumpul-semak

collator -pengumpul-semak

collision detection -pengesanan perlanggaran

collision -pelanggaran

color graphic -grafik wama

color graphic system -sistem grafik berwama

column clause -klausa lajur

column heading -kepala lajur

column indicator -penunjuk lajur

column -lajur

column shift unit -unit anjakan lajur

column spacing -penjarakan lajur

column split -pisahan lajur

column switch -penukaran lajur

command ambiguity -ketaksaan perintah

command chaining –perantaian perintah

command communication -komunikasi perintah

command driven program -aturcara pacuan perintah

command file -fail perintah

command key -kekunci perintah

command language -bahasa perintah

command patch key pad -pad kekunci jujukan perintah

command -perintah

command processor -pemproses perintah

commencement location address -alamat tempat permulaan

commit protocol -protokol sanggup

common carrier -pembawa sepunya

communication channel -saluran komunikasi

communication controller- pengawal komunikasi

communication interrupt -sampukan komunikasi

communication link -sambungan komunikasi

communication network -rangkaian komunikasi

communication processor -pemproses komunikasi

communication server -pelayan komunikasi

communication software –perisian komunikasi

compact disk read only memory (CD-ROM) -ingatan baca sahaja cakera padat (CD-ROM)

compatibility support program -rancangan sokong keserasian

compatibility test -ujian keserasian

compatible software -perisian serasi

compilation -pengkompilan

compilation phase -fasa pengkompilan

compilation time -tempoh pengkompilan

compile -kompil

compiler diagnostic -diagnosis pengkompil

compiler directive –arahan pengkompil

compiler generator -penjana pengkompil

compiler -pengkompil

compiler-compiler -pengkompil-pengkompil

complement base -asas pelengkap

complement instruction -suruhan pelengkap

complement -pelengkap

complement representation -perwakilan pelengkap

complete carry -bawaan lengkap

complete instruction -suruhan lengkap

complete operation -pengendalian lengkap

completeness check –semakan kesempurnaan

component density -ketumpatan komponen

composite operator -pengendali rencam

composite signal -isyarat rencam

composite video -video rencam

composition file -fail gubah

compound logic element -unsur logik majmuk

compound statement -kenyataan majmuk

compressed index –indeks mampat

compressed tape -pita mampat

computational error -ralat komputan

compute bound -batas komput

compute mode -mod komput

computer aided software engineering (CASE) -kejuruteraan perisian bantuan komputer (CASE)

computer animation –penganimasian komputer

computer architecture -seni bina komputer

computer audit -audit komputer

computer auditing –pengauditan komputer

computer awareness -kesedaran komputer

computer base training (CBT) - latihan berasas komputer (CBT)

computer camp - khemah komputer

computer cartography -kartografi komputer

computer center -pusat komputer

computer chassis -casis komputer

computer conferencing -persidangan berkomputer

computer confidentiality -kerahsiaan komputer

computer constraint –kekangan komputer

computer consultant –perunding komputer

computer crime -jenayah komputer

computer cycle -kitar komputer

computer data base -pangkalan data komputer

computer drawing -lukisan komputer

computer emulation -perlagakan komputer

computer engineering -kejuruteraankomputer

computer environment -sekitaran komputer

computer family -keluarga komputer

computer generation -generasi komputer

computer graphic processing (COP) - pemprosesan grafik komputer (COP)

computer graphics -grafik komputer

computer hacker –penggodam komputer

computer image -imej komputer

computer input microfilm -mikrofilem input komputer

computer instruction code -kod surahan komputer

computer instruction set -set suruhan komputer

computer jargon - jargon komputer

computer -komputer

computer language -bahasa komputer

computer literacy -kecelikan komputer

computer micrographic -mikrografik komputer

computer modelling -pemodelan komputer

computer music -muzik komputer

computer network -rangkaian komputer

computer nik -kutu komputer

computer operation –pengendalian komputer

computer operator -pengendali komputer

computer output microfilm -mikrofilem output komputer

computer program –aturcara komputer

computer programmer –pengaturcara komputer

computer resilience - kebingkasan komputer

computer run -jalanan komputer

computer science -sains komputer

computer security -keselamatan komputer

computer simulation -penyelakuan komputer

computer storage -storan komputer

computer system -sistem komputer

computer tape -pita komputer

computer technology -teknologi komputer

computer user -pengguna komputer

computer wizard -bestari komputer

computer worm -cecacing komputer

computer-aided animation -penganimasian bantuan komputer

computer-aided design (CAD) -reka bentuk bantuan komputer (CAD)

computer-aided drafting and design (CADD) - pelukisan pelan dan reka bentuk bantuan komputer (CADD) .

computer-aided geometric design (CAGD) - reka bentuk geometri bantuan komputer (CAGD)

computer-aided instruction (CAI) - pengajaran bantuan komputer (CAI)

computer-aided learning (CAL) -pembelajaran bantuan komputer(CAL)

computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) - pembuatan bantuan komputer (CAM)

computer-aided retrieval -dapatan semula bantuan komputer

computer-aided testing (CAT) -pengujian bantuan komputer (CAT)

computer-assisted engineering - kejuruteraan bantuan komputer

computer-assisted instruction (CAI) - pengajaran bantuan komputer (CAI)

computer-assisted interactive tutorial system - sistem tutoran saling tindak bantuan komputer

computer-assisted learning (CAL) -pembelajaran bantuan kompute (CAL)

computer-assisted management -pengurusan bantuan komputer

computer-assisted teaching -pengajaran bantuan komputer

computer-based learning (CBL) -pembelajaran berasas komputer (CBL)

computerbinder – penjilid computer

computer-dependent processing –pemprosesan kebersandaran komputer

computer-independent language -bahasa tak bersandar komputer

computer-independent processing -pemprosesan ketakbersandaran komputer

computerization -pengkomputeran

computerized mail -mel berkomputer

computer-managed instruction (CMI) -pengajaran diurus komputer (CMI)

computerphobia -fobia komputer

computing speed -kelajuan pengiraan pengkomputeran

concatenation -penjeraitan

concentrator -penumpu

conceptual design -reka bentuk konseptual

concordance -konkordans

concurrent operation –pengendalian serempak

concurrent processing –pemprosesan serempak

condition code -kod syarat

conditional branch instruction -suruhan cabang bersyarat

conditional branching -percabangan bersyarat

conditional breakpoint -titik putus bersyarat

conditional construct -binaan bersyarat

conditional implication operation -pengendalian implikasi bersyarat

conditional instruction -suruhan bersyarat

conditional jump - lompatan bersyarat

conditional transfer –pemindahan bersyarat

conditional variable -pemboleh ubah bersyarat

conjunctive search -gelintaran berkait

connecting cable –kabel sambung

connector -penyambung

connector symbol -lambang penyambung

consecutive block -blok berurutan

consecutive sequence computer -komputer jujukan berturutan

console operator -pengendali konsol

console request -permohonan konsol

contact sensing -penderiaan sentuh

content addressable memory - ingatan boleh alamat kandungan

content addressable storage - storan boleh alamat kandungan

content addressed memory -ingatan beralamat kandungan

contention mode -mod pertelagahan

contention -pertelagahan

contention system -sistem pertelagahan

context-sensitive grammar -tatabahasa peka konteks

context-sensitive help key -kunci bantu peka konteks

contingency plan -rancangan luar jangkaan

continuation column -lajur sambung

continuation line -baris sambung

continuous forms -borang selanjar

continuous loop -gelung selanjar

continuous paper forms -borang kertas selanjar

continuous processing -pemprosesan selanjar

continuous scrolling -penatalan selanjar

contour analysis -analisis kontur

contrast ratio -nisbah bezajelas

control algorithm –algoritma kawalan

control ball -bebola kawalan

control block –blok kawalan

control brush -berus kawalan

control brush interlock -saling kunci berus kawalan

control byte -bait kawalan

control character -aksara kawalan

control check -semakan kawalan

control circuit -litar kawalan

control clock –jam kawalan

control column -lajur kawalan

control computer -komputer kawalan

control cycle -kitar kawalan

control date -data kawalan

control digit test -ujian digit kawalan

control facility -kemudahan kawalan

control field -medan kawalan

control flow -aliran kawalan

control hierarchy -hierarki kawalan

control hole -lubang kawalan

control key –kekunci kawalan

control language - bahasa kawalan

control level -aras kawalan

control logic -logik kawalan

control memory -ingatan kawalan

control operation -pengendalian kawalan

control panel -panel kawalan

control panel wiring -pendawaian panel kawalan

control position -kedudukan kawalan

control program -aturcara kawalan

control program for microcomputers (CP/M) -aturcara kawalan untuk mikrokomputer (CP/M)

control punch -tebukan kawalan

control quantity -kuantiti kawalan

control read only memory -ingatan boleh baca sahaja kawalan

control register -daftar kawalan

control section -bahagian kawalan

control sequence - jujukan kawalan

control signal -isyarat kawalan

control statement –kenyataan kawalan

control storage –storan kawalan

control structure -struktur kawalan

control transfer instruction -suruhan pindah kaalan

control unit -unit kawalan

control variable -pembolehubah kawalan

controlled command processor - pemproses perintah terkawal

controlled variable -pemboleh ubah terkawal

controlled vocabulary -perbendaharaan kata terkawal

controlled zone - zon terkawal

controlling element -unsur pengawalan

conversion program -aturcara penukaran

coprocessor -kopemproses

copy protection -perlindungan salin

core dump -longgokan teras

core image -imej teras

core storage unit -unit storan teras

coroutine -korutin

corrective maintenance -penyenggaraan pembetulan

counter -pembilang

counter register -daftar pembilang

counter reset -pengesetan semula pembilang

courseware -perisian kursus

creeping -pelambanan

crippled leapfrog -lompatan lumpuh

crippled mode -mod lumpuh

cross assembler -penghimpun silang

cross compiler -pengkompil silang

cross hair cursor -kursor rerambut silang

crossfooting check -semakan silang

crosshatching -pelorekan silang

cruise control –kawalan jelajah

cryogenic memory -ingatan kriogenik

cryogenic storage -storan kriogenik

cryptography -kriptografi

cryptology -kriptologi

current record –rekod semasa

cursor –kursor

custom software -perisian langgan

cut and paste -potong dan tampal

cut -potong

cybernetics -sibernetik

cyberphobia -siberfobia

cycle shift -anjakan kitar

cycle stealing –pencurian kitar

cycle time -masa kitar

cyclic redundancy check -semakan lewahan kitar

cyrillic character -aksara siril

daisy chain -rantai daisi

daisy wheel printer -pencetak roda daisi

data access protocol -protokol capaian data

data acquisition -pemerolehan data

data acquisition system -sistem pemerolehan data

data address -alamat data

data administrator –pentadbir data

data aggregate -agregat data

data attribute -atribut data

data authentication -pengesahaslian data

data automation -pengautomatan data

data bank -bank data

data base administrator (DBA) - pentadbir pangkalan data (DBA)

data base application -penggunaan pangkalan data

data base description -perihal pangkalan data

data base environment -sekitaran pangkalan data

data base management system (DBMS) -sistem pengurusan pangkalan data (DBMS)

data base manager -pengurus pangkalan data

data base package -pakej pangkalan data

data base -pangkalan data

data boundary -sempadan data

data bus -bas data

data bus line -talian bas data

data cache -cache data

data capture –penangkapan data

data carrier detect (DCD) -kesan pembawa data (DCD)

data carrier -pembawa data

data category -kategori data

data cell -sel data

data center -pusat data

data chaining -perantaian data

data character set -set aksara data

data check -semakan data

data circuit -litar data

data circuit terminating equipment -kelengkapan penamatan litar data

data circuit transparency -lutsinar litar data

data code set -set kod data

data collation –pengumpul semakan data

data collection station -stesen kumpul data

data collector -pengumpul data

data communication equipment -kelengkapan komunikasi data

data communication facility -kemudahan komunikasi data

data communication -komunikasi data

data compatibility -keserasian data

data compression -pemampatan data

data compression technique -teknik pemampatan data

data concentration -penumpuan data

data conditioning -penyesuaian data

data constant -pemalar data

data contamination -pencemaran data

data continuity -kesinambungan data

data conversion -penukaran data

data corruption -kerosakan data

data custodian -penjaga data

data -data

data decryption -penyahsulitan data

data definition name -nama takrif data

data definition -pentakrifan data

data density -ketumpatan data

data description language (DDL) -bahasa perihal data (DDL)

data description table (DDT) -jadual perihal data (DDT)

data descriptor -penerang data

data design -reka bentuk data

data dictionary -kamus data

data diddling -penggodakan data

data directed transmission -penghantaran data terarah

data directory -direktori data

data display -paparan data

data display unit -unit paparan data

data editing -penyuntingan data

data element -unsur data

data encryption -penyulitan data

data entry -kemasukan data

data entry terminal -terminal kemasukan data

data event control block -blok kawalan peristiwa data

data exception -kekecualian data

data export -eksport data

data extent block -blok kepanjangan data

data extraction -penyarian data

data field -medan data

data file -fail data

data flow -aliran data

data flow diagram (DFD) -gambar rajah aliran data(DFD)

data flow system -sistem aliran data

data flowchart -carta aliran data

data fomat -fomat data

data fomat item -butir fomat data

data frame -bingkai data

data gathering -pengumpulan data

data import -import data

data in line -talian data masuk

data indicator –penunjuk data

data input -input data

data input station –stesen input data

data integration -penyepaduan data

data integrity -kewibawaan data

data item -butir data

data leakage -kebocoran data

data level -aras data

data link control -kawalan pautan data

data link escape (DLE) -pelepasan pautan data (DLE)

data link layer -lapisan pautan data

data link -pautan data

data location statement -kenyataan tempat data

data location -tempat data

data logging -pengelogan data

data maintenance function -fungsi penyenggaraan data

data management format -format pengurusan data

data management -pengurusan data

data manipulation -pengolahan data

data medium -bahantara data

data medium protection -perlindungan bahantara data

data migration -penghijrahan data

data mobility -kebolehgerakan data

data model -model data

data modem -modem data

data module -modul data

data multiplexer -pemultipleks data

data name -nama data

data network -rangkaian data

data out line –talian data keluar

data output -output data

data packet -bingkisan data

data plotter -pemplot data

data pocket -saku data

data point -titik data

data pointer - penuding data

data portability –kemudahalihan data

data preparation -penyediaan data

data processing center -pusat pemprosesan data

data processing circuit -litar pemprosesan data

data processing cycle -kitar pemprosesan data

data processing equipment -kelengkapan pemprosesan data

data processing expert -pakar pemprosesan data

data processing manager -pengurus pemprosesan data

data processing node -nod pemprosesan data

data processing -pemprosesan data

data processing station -stesen pemprosesan data

data processing system - sistem pemprosesan data

data processor -pemproses data

data protection -perlindungan data

data purification –penulenan data

data quality -mutu data

data range -julat data

data rate -kadar data

data record clause -klausa rekod data

data recording control -kawalan perakaman data

data recording device -peranti rakam data

data recording medium -bahantara rakam data

data recording -perakaman data; rakaman data

data reduction -pengurangan data

data register -daftar data

data reliability -keutuhan data

data representation -perwakilan data

data retrieval -dapatan semula data

data scaling -penskalaan data

data scope -skop data

data scrambling -pengarauan data

data security -keselamatan data

data set control block -blok kawalan set data

data set label -label set data

data set ready -kesediaan set data

data set -set data

data sharing -perkongsian data

data sheet -helaian data

data signalling rate - kadar pengisyaratan data

data sink –penenggelaman data

data sorter -pengisih data

data source -sumber data

data space -ruang data

data specification -spesifikasi data

data stream –strim data

data structure diagram -gambar rajah struktur data

data structure -struktur data

data switching exchange -ibu sawat pensuisan data

data tablet -memeja data

data terminal equipment - kelengkapan terminal data

data terminal ready -kesediaan terminal data

data terminal -terminal data

data transcription -pentranskripan data

data transfer control -kawalan pemindahan data

data transfer -pemindahan data

data transfer phase -fasa pemindahan data

data transfer rate -kadar pemindahan data

data transfer register -daftar pemindahan data

data translator -penterjemah data

data transmission baud - baud penghantaran data

data transmission channel -saluran penghantaran data

data transmission –penghantaran data

data transmission system -sistem penghantaran data

data type -jenis data

data unit -unit data

data validation -pengesahsahihan data

data value -nilai data

datagram -datagram

datagram service -perkhidmatan datagram

datamation -pendataan

dataphone -datafon

daughter board -papan anak

daughter card -kad anak

DC erasing head -kepala pemadam DC

deadlock -kebuntuan

debug -nyahpepijat

debugging -penyahpepijatan

decatenate -nyahjerait

decimal code -kod perpuluhan

decimal digit character - aksara digit perpuluhan

decimal floating point -titik apung perpuluhan

decimal radix -radiks perpuluhan

decimal system -sistem perpuluhan

decision box -kotak keputusan

decision content -kandungan keputusan

decision element -unsur keputusan

decision feedback -suap balik keputusan

decision instruction -suruhan keputusan

decision plan -rancangan keputusan

decision rule -aturan keputusan

decision support system (DSS) -sistem sokongan keputusan (DSS)

decision table -jadual keputusan

decision tree –pepohon keputusan

declarative section -bahagian pengisytiharan

declarative statement -kenyataan pengisytiharan

decoder -penyahkod

decollate -kumpul-asing

decollator -pengumpul-asing

decrement field -medan susut

decryption -penyahsulitan

dedicated channel -saluran khusus

dedicated computer -komputer khusus

dedicated line -talian khusus

default drive -pemacu lalai

default font -fon lalai

default value -nilai lalai

deferred address –alamat tertangguh

deferred entry -kemasukan tertangguh

deferred exit -keluar tertangguh

dejagging -penyahgerigian

delay time -masa lengah

delete -hapus

delimiter -pembatas

deliverable document -dokumen boleh serah

demand fetching -pengambilan tuntut

demand paging -penghalaman tuntut

demand staging -pemeringkatan tuntut

demount -nyahlekap

demultiplexing -penyahmultipleksan

dense list -senarai padat

dependency diagram -gambar rajah kebersandaran

depth-first search -gelintaran kedalaman dahulu

deque -dekiu

descender -tangkai bawah

descending order -tertib menurun

descending sequence -jujukan menurun

descriptor -pemerihal

design automation -pengautomatan reka bentuk

desk accessory -aksesori meja

desk check -penyemakan meja

desktop computer -komputer meja

desktop computing –pengkomputan meja

desktop publishing system (DTP system) - sistem penerbitan meja (sistem DTP)

destination field -medan destinasi

destination file -fail destinasi

destination operand -kendalian destinasi

destructive read –bacaan musnah

device address -alamat peranti

device independence –kebebasan peranti

device independent program -aturcara tak bersandar peranti

device interface -antara muka peranti

device request interrupt –sampukan permintaan peranti

diagnostic character -aksara diagnosis

diagnostic paradigm -paradigma diagnosis

dialog system -sistem dialog

dial-up network -rangkaian dail

dial-up terminal -terminal dail

dibit -dwibit.

difference check -semakan perbezaan

difference engine -enjin beza

digit compression -pemampatan digit

digit delay -kelengahan digit

digit -digit

digit driver - pemacu digit

digit emmiter -pemancar digit

digit impulse -dedenyut digit

digit key - kekunci digit

digit place -tempat digit

digit position -kedudukan digit

digit punching -penebukan digit

digit repetition -pengulangan digit

digit row -baris digit

digit selector character -aksara pemilih digit

digit selector -pemilih digit

digit time -masa digit

digit track -runut digit

digital camera -kamera digital

digital clock -jam digital

digital computer -komputer digital

digital control -kawalan digital

digital converter -penukar digital

digital counter -pembilang digital

digital data -data digital

digital -digital

digital display -paparan digital

digital filtering -penapisan digital

digital head -kepala digital

digital image data -data imej digital

digital indicator -penunjuk digital

digital input -input digital

digital integrator -pengamir digital

digital keyboard -papan kekunci digital

digital magnetic tape -pita magnet digital

digital module -modul digital

digital multiplier -pendarab digital

digital optical disk -cakera optik digital

digital readout -bacaan digital

digital recorder -perakam digital

digital repeater -pengulang digital

digital representation -perwakilan digital

digital signal -isyarat digital

digital system -sistem digital

digital transducer –transduser digital

digital transmission -penghantaran digital

digital video link -sambungan video digital

digital-to-analog converter (DAC) –penukar digital ke analog (DAC)

digitization -pendigitan

digitized picture -gambar terdigit

digitizer block -blok pendigit

digitizing pad -pad pendigitan

digraph -digraf

direct access –capaian terus

direct access storage (DASD) -peranti storan capaian terus device (DASD)

direct address -alamat terus

direct address register -daftar alamat terus

direct addressing -pengalamatan terus

direct call facility -kemudahan panggilan terus

direct insert subroutine -subrutin sisip terus

direct memory access (DMA) - capaian ingatan terus (DMA)

direct memory address -alamat ingatan terus

direct mode -mod terus

direct numerical control -kawalan berangka terus

direct output -output terus

direct percentage function -fungsi peratusan terus

direct processing -pemprosesan terus

direct-access file -fail capaian terus

direct-coupled stage -peringkat gandingan terus

directed beam device -peranti pancaran terarah

directed graph -graf terarah

direct-inking recorder -perakam pendakwatan terus

direction code -kod arah

directive -arahan

directory -direktori

directory service -perkhidmatan direktori

dirty bit -bit kotor

disabled unit -unit lumpuh

disassemble - nyahhimpun

disassembler -penyahhimpun

disaster dump -longgokan bencana

disaster recovery plan -rancangan pemulihan bencana

disconnect mode -mod putus

disconnect signal -isyarat putus

discrete component -komponen diskret

discrete message -mesej diskret

discrete number -nombor diskret

discrete representation -perwakilan diskret

discriminatioh instruction -suruhan beza layan

discriminator circuit -litar pembeza layan

disk access –capaian cakera

disk buffer -penimbal cakera

disk -cakera

disk cartridge -kartrij cakera

disk controller -pengawal cakera

disk copying -penyalinan cakera

disk cover -tudung cakera

disk crash -nahas cakera

disk drive –pemacu cakera

disk duplication -penduaan cakera

disk encoder -pengekod cakera

disk envelope -sampul cakera

disk file -fail cakera

disk format -format cakera

disk initialization -pengawalan cakera

disk jacket –jaket cakera

disk memory -ingatan cakera

disk operating system (DOS) -sistem pengendalian cakera (DOS)

disk pack -pak cakera

disk pocket -saku cakera

disk sector -sektor cakera

disk storage -storan cakera

disk track -runut cakera

disk volume -jilid cakera

diskette -disket

dispatcher -penyerah

dispatching priority -keutamaan penyerahan

dispatching queue -baris gilir penyerahan

dispersed intelligence -kecerdasan berselerak

dispersed processing -pemprosesan berselerak

displacement address -alamat sesaran

display adapter -penyesuai paparan

display console -konsol paparan

display device -peranti paparan

display icon -arca paparan

display terminal -terminal paparan

distortion -herotan

distributed computer system -sistem komputer teragih

distributed data base -pangkalan data teragih

distributed data processing -pemprosesan data teragih

distributed intelligence system -sistem kecerdasan teragih

distributed logic -logik teragih

distributed network -rangkaian teragih

dithering -penditeran

division check -semakan bahagian

divisor register –daftar pembahagi

document list -senarai dokumen

document preparation –penyediaan dokumen

document reader –pembaca dokumen

document reader reference edge - tepi rujukan pembaca dokumen

documentation - pendokumenan

documentation aid -alat bantu pendokumenan

documentation system -sistem pendokumenan

documentator -pendokumen

domain expert -pakar domain

domain knowledge -pengetahuan domain

domain tip -tip domain

dot command -perintah bintik

dot matrix printer -pencetak matriks bintik

dot pitch - pic bintik

double buffering -penimbalan berganda

double bus -bas kembar

double click -klik dua kali

double density diskette -disket ketumpatan berganda

double drive. -pemacu kembar

double error -ralat berganda

double sided high density (2HD) - dwimuka ketumpatan tinggi (2HD)

double word -kata kembar

double-ended queue -baris gilir dua hujung

double-length accumulator –penumpuk kepanjangan berganda

double-length register -daftar kepanjangan berganda

double-operand instruction -suruhan dua kendalian

double-precision number -nombor kepersisan berganda

double-sided disk -cakera dwimuka

double-sided double density (2DD) -dwimuka ketumpatan berganda (2DD)

double-sided single density (2SD) –dwimuka ketumpatan tunggal (2SD)

doubly-linked list --senarai paut berganda

down line processor -pemproses hujung

down sizing -pensaizan turun

download -muat turun

downtime -masa mati

draft mode -mod draf

draft quality -mutu draf

drive capstan -kapstan pemacu

droid -droid

drop -hujung

drop-in character -aksara tersinggah

drop-out character -aksara tercicir

drum plotter -pemplot dram

drum printer -pencetak dram

drum storage -storan dram

dry run -jalanan kering

dual channel controller -pengawal dwisaluran

dual in-line package switch (DIP switch) - suis bungkusan dwibaris (suis DIP)

dual processor –pemproses kembar

dumb terminal -terminal dungu

dummy argument -argumen semu

dummy character -aksara semu

dummy instruction -suruhan semu

dummy load –beban semu

dummy module -modul semu

dummy statement -kenyataan semu

dummy tag -tag semu

dump management –pengurusan longgok

dump routine -rutin longgok

duplex channel -saluran dupleks

duplex mode -mod dupleks

Dvorak keyboard -papan kekunci Dvorak

dynamic allocation -peruntukan dinarnik

dynamic buffering –penimbalan dinarnik

dynamic data structure -struktur datadinarnik

dynamic debugging -penyahpepijatan dinamik

dynamic dump -longgokan dinamik

dynamic instruction -suruhan dinamik

dynamic loading -pemuatan dinamik

dynamic memory allocation -peruntukan ingatan dinamik

dynamic network -rangkaian dinarnik

dynamic random access (DRAM) -ingatan capaian rawak memory dinamik (DRAM)

dynamic relocation -peruntukan semula dinamik

dynamic response –sambutan dinamik

dynamic storage -storan dinamik

dynamic subroutine -subrutin dinamik

dynamic support system -sistem sokongan dinarnik

EBCDIC code -kod EBCDIC

echo check -semakan gema

echo -gema

edit mode -mod sunting

edit routine -rutin sunting

effective address -alamat berkesan

effective byte -bait berkesan

effective instruction -suruhan berkesan

effective operand address -alamat kendalian berkesan

egoless programming -pengaturcaraan tanpa ego

electrically erasable programmable read only memory (EEPROM) -ingatan baca saja boleh aturcara-padam secara elektrik (EEPROM)

electron beam recording -perekodan pancaran elektron

electronic accounting machine -mesin perakaunan elektronik

electronic brain -otak elektronik

electronic calculating punch -penebuk hitung elektronik

electronic character sensing -penderiaan aksara elektronik

electronic computer -komputer elektronik

electronic data processing (EDP) -pemprosesan data elektronik (EDP)

electronic filing –pemfailan elektronik

electronic fund transfer (EFT) -pindahan dana elektronik; pemindahan dana elektronik (EFT)

electronic fund transfer at point of sale (EFTPOS) -pemindahan dana elektronik di tempat jualan(EFTPOS)

electronic graphic processing –pemprosesan grafik elektronik

electronic mail -mel elektronik

electronic mailbox -peti mel elektronik

electronic multiplication circuit -litar pendaraban elektronik

electronic music -muzik elektronik

electronic office -pejabat elektronik

electronic pen -pen elektronik

electronic processing -pemprosesan elektronik

electronic publishing -penerbitan elektronik

electronic sound -bunyi elektronik

electronic spreadsheet -hamparan elektronik

electronic voice -suara elektronik

electrostatic printer -pencetak elektrostatik

electrostatic storage -storan elektrostatik

electrothermal printer -pencetak elektrotermal

elite font -fon elit

e-mail - e-mel

embedded system -sistem terbenarn

enabled unit -unit boleh

encipher -ensifer

encoder -pengekod encryption -penyulitan

end user -pengguna akhir

end-around carry –bawaan hujung-pangkal

end-around shift -anjakan hujung-pangkal

end-arround borrow -pinjaman hujung-pangkal

endless loop -gelung tanpa henti

end-of transmission (EOT) -akhir penghantar (EOT)

end-of -transmission block (ETB) -blok akhir penghantaran (ETB)

end-of-medium (EM) -hujung bahantara (EM)

end-of-text -hujung teks .

endpoint node -nod hujung

end-to-end protocol -protokol hujung ke hujung

end-user computing (EUC) –pengkomputan pengguna (EUC)

engaged condition -keadaan sibuk

engineering constraint -kekangan kejuruteraan

engineering deficiency -kelemahan kejuruteraan

engineering drawing -lukisan kejuruteraan

engineering evaluation -penilaian kejuruteraan

engineering solution -penyelesaian kejuruteraan

enquiry character -aksara tanya

enter -masuk

entity -entiti

entrophy -entropi

entry condition -keadaan permulaan

entry level -aras permulaan

entry point -titik permulaan; titik kemasukan

entry system -sistem pemulaan; sistem kemasukan

enumerated type -jenis bernombor

enumeration -penomboran

equipment compatability –keserasian kelengkapan

equivalent binary digit -digit perduaan setara

erasable programmable read only memory (EPROM) -ingatan baca sahaja boleh aturcara-padam (EPROM)

erase character -aksara padam

erase head -kepala padam

erroneous data -data beralat

error character -aksara ralat

error checking code -kod semak ralat

error code -kod ralat

error correcting code -kod betul ralat

error detecting code -kod kesan ralat

error handling -pengendalian ralat

error indicator -penunjuk ralat

error interrupt -sampukan ralat

error log -log ralat

error message -mesej ralat

error recovery procedure -tatacara pulih ralat

error routine -rutin ralat

error transmission -ralat penghantaran

escape character –aksara lepasan

escape code -kod lepasan

escape key -kekunci keluar

escape sequence –jujukan lepasan

even parity –pariti genap

exception report -laporan kekecualian

excess-three code -kod lebih tiga

exchange buffering -penimbalan saling tukar

exchange sort -isihan saling tukar

exclusive-OR element -unsur ATAU eksklusif

exclusive-OR(EXOR) -ATAU eksklusif (EXOR)

executable form -bentuk boleh laku

executable program -aturcara boleh laku

execute cycle -kitar laku

execute -lakukan

execute state -keadaan perlakuan

execution -perlakuan

execution sequence -jujuk perlakuan

execution time -masa perlakuan

exit -keluar

exit routine -rutin keluar

expansion card -kad tambah

expansion RAM -RAM tambah

expansion ROM -ROM tambah

expansion slot -slot tambah

expert system -sistem pakar

explicit address -alamat jelas

exploded view -pandangan besar

exponent character –aksara eksponen

exponent overflow -limpah atas eksponen

exponent underflow -limpah bawah eksponen

export -eksport

extended addressing –pengalamatan panjang

extended ASCII -ASCII terluas

extended format -format panjang

extender board –papan penyambung

extension node -nod sambungan

external function -fungsi luaran

external interrupt -sampukan luaran

external memory -ingatan luaran

external page storage -storan halaman luaran

external slot -slot luaran

external sort -isihan luaran

extract instruction -suruhan sari

facsimile (fax) -faksimile (faks)

fail file mark -tanda fail

fail-safe system –sistem gagal-selamat

fail-soft system -sistem gagal-lembut

failure recovery –pemulihan kegagalan

fallback procedure -tatacara bertahan

false add -tambahan palsu

fanfold paper -kertas berlipat

fan-in -kipas masuk

fan-out -kipas keluar

fat bit -bit besar

fatal error -ralat mati

father file -fail bapa

fault tolerant system -sistem boleh terima rosak

feasibility study -kajian ketersauran

feature extraction -penyarian sifat

feedback circuit -litar suap balik

feedback control -kawalansuap balik

feedback loop -gelung suap balik

feedback signal -isyarat suap balik

female connector – penyambung betina

fetch -ambil

fetch cycle -kitar ambil

fetch instruction -suruhan ambil

fetch phase -fasa ambil

fetch sequence -jujukan ambil

fetch-execute cycle -kitar ambil-Iaku

fiber optic -optik gentian

Fibonacci search -gelintaran Fibonacci

field descriptor -pemerihal medan

field format -format medan

field indicator -penunjuk medan

field length –kepanjangan medan

field mark -tanda medan

field -medan

field name -nama medan

field protect -perlindungan medan

field shifting - penganjakan medan

figurative constant -pemalar berajah

figure shift -anjakan angka

figure-of-merit -angka merit

file attribute -atribut fail

file backup -sandaran fail

file buffer -penimbal fail

file control system -sistem kawalan fail

file control table -jadual kawalan fail

file conversion -penukaran fail

file directory -direktori fail

file gap - sela fail

file header -kepala fail

file identification -pengecaman file

file layout -bentangan fail

file maintenance -penyenggaraan fail

file management system -sistem pengurusan

file organization -organisasi fail

file processing -pemprosesan fail

file protection -perlindungan fail

file retention period -tempoh simpan fail

file server -pelayan fail

file structure -struktur fail

file transfer protocol -protokol pemindahan fail

file verification program -aturcara pengesahbetulan fail

fill character -aksara isi

fill -isi

fill pattern -corak isi

filler function -rangkap pengisi

filler -pengisi

filter -penapis

find and replace -cari dan ganti

find -cari

finite state machine -mesin keadaan terhingga

firmware -perisian tegar

first level address -alamat aras pertama

first order predicate -predikat peringkat pertama

first-in last out (FILO) -masuk dulu keluar kemudian (FILO) fitting -pemadanan

fixed decimal mode –mod perpuluhan tetap

fixed disk -cakera tetap

fixed head storage -storan kepala tetap

fixed partition -pemetakan tetap

fixed point arithmetic -aritmetik titik tetap

fixed radix notation -tatatanda radiks tetap

fixed spacing font –fon jarak tetap

fixed spacing -penjarakan tetap

fixed storage -storan tetap

fixed word length computer -komputer panjang kata tetap

fixed-field format -format medan tetap

fixed-length record -rekod panjang tetap

fixed-point representation –perwakilan titik tetap

fixed-size block -blok saiz tetap

flag -bendera

flag bit -bit bendera

flag indicator -penunjuk bendera

flag register -daftar bendera

flat screen -skrin rata

flatbed plotter -pemplot rata

floating address -alamat apung

floating decimal mode -mod perpuluhan apung

floating-point arithmetic - aritmetik titik apung

floating-point number -nombor titik apung

floating-point radix -radiks titik apung

floating-point register -daftar titik apung

floating-point representation -perwakilan titik apung

floating-point routine -rutin titik apung

flooding -pembanjiran

floppy disk -cakera liut

floppy disk controller -pengawal cakera liut

flow control -kawalan aliran

flow diagram -gambar rajah alir

flow direction -arah aliran

flowchart symbol -simbol carta alir

flowchart template -templat carta alir

flowchart text -teks carta alir

flowcharter -pencarta alir

flowline -garis alir

flrst-in first-out (FIFO) -masuk dulu keluar dulu (FIFO)

flush left-right -sedatar kiri-kanan

flush -pengosongan;sedatar

flying-spot scanner -pengimbas bintik-terbang

fomat effector character -aksara kesan fomat

fomatted diskette -disket berfomat

font cartridge -katrij fon

footer teks -teks kaki

footprint -luas tapak

forbidden combination check -semakan gabungan terlarang

forced programming -pengaturcaraan paksa

foreground image -imej latar depan

foreground processing -pemprosesan latar depan

foreground program -aturcara latar depan

foreground task -tugas latar depan

form tractor unit -unit traktor borang

formal language -bahasa formal

formal parameter -parameter formal

format -format

forward chaining -perantaian ke depan

forward error analysis -analisis ralat depan

forward-backward counter -pembilang tambah-tolak

fraction part -bahagian pecahan

fragmentation -penyerpihan

frame -bingkai

frame representation -perwakilan bingkai

frame table entry –masukan jadual bingkai

free sector -sektor bebas

freeware -perisian percuma

frequency division multiplexer (FDM) -pemultipleks pembahagian frekuensi (FDM)

friction feed -suap geser

front end processor (PEP} -pemproses bahagian depan (PEP)

front panel -panel depan

full adder -penambah penuh

full duplex -dupleks penuh

full screen editing -penyuntingan skrin penuh

full subtracter -penolak penuh

full word -kata penuh

full-text search -gelintaran teks penuh

fully formed character -aksara bentuk lengkap

function chart -carta fungsi

function control block (FCB) -blok kawalan fungsi (FCB)

function digit -digit fungsi

function key -kekunci fungsi

function multiplier -pendarab fungsi

function reference -rujukan fungsi

functional programming -pengaturcaraan kefungsian

funware -perisian ria

fusible link -pautan boleh lakur

fuzzy logic -logik kabur

game software -perisian permainan

gameware -perisian permainan

gamut -gamut

gang punch -tebukan berkumpulan

Gantt chart -carta Gantt

gap digit -digit sela

garbage collection -pungutan sampah

garbage in garbage out (GIGO) -sampah masuk sampah keluar (GIGO)

gas plasma display -paparan plasma gas

gate -get

gateway; -get laluan

gating pulse -denyut get

Gaussian noise -hingar Gauss'an

general purpose computer -koinputer tujuan am

general purpose register – daftar tujuan am

general register -daftar am

generated address -alamat terjana

generation number -nombor penjanaan

gigabyte (GB) -gigabait (GB)

gigaflops -gigaflops

glare protector -pelindung silau

global allocation -peruntukan sejagat

global operation -pengendalian sejagat

global parameter -parameter sejagat

global symbol table -jadual simbol sejagat

global variable -pemboleh ubah sejagat

grain direction -arah ira

grain size -saiz butir

grain size -saiz ira

grandfather file -fail datuk

graphic card -kad grafik

graphic display device -peranti paparan grafik

graphic display unit -unit paparan grafik

graphic screen -skrin grafik

graphic symbol -lambang grafik

Gray code -kod Gray

gray scale -skala kelabu

greeting program - aturcara aluan

grid chart -carta grid

grid line -garis grid

grid sheet -helaian grid

group mark -tanda kumpulan

group polling -tinjauan kumpulan

group separator -pemisah kumpulan

group sorting device -peranti isihan kumpulan

grouped record -rekod berkumpulan

guard band -jalur adang

guard bit -bit adang

guest computer -komputer tamu

guidance computer -komputer pandu

guide edge – pinggir pandu

gulp – gulp

half adder -penambah separuh

half cycle -kitar setengah

half duplex -dupleks setengah

half subtracter -penolak separuh

half word -kata setengah

halt -tegun

Hamming code -kod Hamming

Hamming distance -jarak Hamming

handshaking -berjabat tangan

hands-off operation -pengendalian lepas tangan

hands-on experience - pengalaman guna tangan

hands-on operation -pengendalian guna tangan

hands-on practical -amali guna tangan

handwriting recognition -pengecaman tulisan tangan

hang-up -tergantung

hard copy -salinan keras

hard disk -cakera keras

hard error -ralat keras

hard failure -kegagalan keras

hardware floating point instruction -suruhan titik apung perkakasan

hardware interrupt -sampukan perkakasan

hardware key -kunci perkakasan

hardware operation - pengendalian perkakasan

hardware -perkakasan

hardware resource –sumber perkakasan

hardware stack -tindanan perkakasan

hardwired connection -sambungan terdawai keras

Hartley principle -prinsip Hartley

hash search -gelintaran cincangan

hash table -jadual cincangan

hash total -jumlah cincangan

hash value -nilai cincangan

hashing algorithm -algoritma pencincangan

hashing function - fungsi pencincangan

head slot -slot kepala

header label –label kepala

header record –rekod kepala

header text -teks kepala

heap sort -isihan timbunan

heap -timbunan

hello program -program helo

help function -fungsi bantu

heterogeneous computer network -rangkaian komputer heterogen

heuristic search -gelintaran heuristik

hexadecimal code -kod perenambelasan

hidden line -garis terlindung

hidden object -objek terlindung

hidden surface -permukaan terlindung

hidden text -teks terlindung

hierarchical data link control (HDLC) -kawalan pautan data berhierarki (HDLC)

hierarchical network -rangkaian berhierarki

hierarchical relationship -hubungan berhierarki

hierarchical structure -struktur berhierarki

high byte -bait atas

high end computer -komputer atasan

high level programming language -bahasa pengaturcaraan peringkat tinggi

high limit address -alamat had atas

high order bit -bit peringkat tinggi

high priority message -mesej keutamaan tinggi

high resolution graphic -grafik leraian tinggi

high speed computer -komputer kelajuan tinggi

high speed printer -pencetak kelajuan tinggi

high-capacity storage -storan muatan besar

higher level assembler -penghimpun peringkat lebih tinggi

highlighting -penonjolan

highway circuit -litar lebuhraya

history file -fail sejarah

hit ratio -nisbah kena

hold instruction -suruhan nanti

holding time -masa pegangan

hole pattern -corak lubang

Hollerith code -kod Hollerith

home computer -komputer rumah

home –rerumah

homogeneous computer network -rangkaian komputer homogen

hook-up wire -dawai penyangkuk

horizontal deflection -pesongan mengufuk

horizontal scrolling -penatalan mengufuk

horizontal tabulation (HT) -penjadualan mengufuk (HT)

host computer -komputer hos

host node -nod hos

host processor -pemproses hos

host system -sistem hos

hot key -kekunci panas

hot site -tapak panas

hot zone -zon panas

housecleaning -pembersihan

housekeeping operation -pengendalian perkemasan

hub chart -carta hab

Huffman encoding -pengekodan Huffman

human aided machine translation -penterjemahan mesin bantuan manusia

human friendly interface -antara muka ramah manusia

hybrid computer - komputer hibrid

hybrid digital-analogue circuit -litar digital-analog hibrid

hypercard -hiperkad

hypertext -hiperteks

I/O error -ralat I/O

I/O protocol –protokol I/O

I/O space -ruang I/O

icon drag -seretan arca

identifier -pengecam

idle character -aksara melahu

idle time -masa melahu

if -and-only-if gate –get jika-dan-hanya jika

if -then statement –kenyataan jika-maka

if -then-else statement -kenyataan jika-maka-lain

ignore character -aksara abai

illegal character -aksara tak sah

image capture -penangkapan imej

image decompression -penyahmampatan imej

image enhancement –peningkatan imej

image processing -pemprosesan imej

image regeneration –penjanaan semula imej

image response -sarnbutan imej

immediate access -capaian segera

immediate addressing -pengalamatan segera

immediate data -data terdekat

immediate instruction -suruhan segera

impact printer -pencetak hentaman

imperative statement -kenyataan imperatif

implicit address -alamat tersirat

implicit declaration -pengistiharan tersirat

implied addressing -pengalamatan terbabat

import -import

inactive window -tetingkap tak aktif

inclusive-OR gate -get ATAU terangkum

incoming message -mesej masuk

incremental computer -komputer tokokan

incremental coordinate -koordinat tokokan

incremental representation system -sistem perwakilan tokokan

incremental vector -vektor tokokan

indent -inden

index file -fail indeks

index register -daftar indeks

indexed addressing -pengalamatan berindeks

indexed indirect addressing -pengalamatan tak terus berindeks

indexed sequential access method (ISAM) -kaedah capaian jujukan berindeks (ISAM)

indexed sequential file -fail jujukan terindeks

indirect addressing -pengalamatan tak terus

indirect recursion -rekursi tak terus

inference engine -enjin taabir

infinite loop –gelung tak terhingga

infix notation -tatatanda sisipan

infomatics -ilmu maklumat

information retrieval system -sistem dapatan semula maklumat

information access -capaian maklumat

information acquisition -pemerolehan maklumat

information analysis -analisis maklumat

information bank -bank maklumat

information bit -bit maklumat

information broker -broker maklumat

information channel -saluran maklumat

information content -kandungan maklumat

information display system -sistem paparan maklumat

information explosion –ledakan maklumat

information feedback -maklum balas maklumat

information field -medan maklumat

information flag -bendera maklumat

information flow -aliran maklumat

information flow rate -kadar aliran maklumat

information format -format maklumat

information frame -bingkai maklumat

information hiding –penyembunyian maklumat

information industry -industri maklumat

information -maklumat

information management -pengurusan maklumat

information management system -sistem pengurusan maklumat

information matrix -matriks maklumat

information measurement -ukuran maklumat

information message -mesej maklumat

information metric -metrik maklumat

information mode -mod maklumat

information network -rangkaian maklumat

information processing -pemprosesan maklumat

information provider -pembekal maklumat

information rate -kadar maklumat

information recovery -pemulihan maklumat

information retrieval -dapatan semula maklumat

information science -sains maklumat

information separator -pemisah maklumat

information service -perkhidmatan maklumat

information signal -isyarat maklumat

information source -sumber maklumat

information spinner -gelegar maklumat

information storage -storan maklumat

information system management -pengurusan sistem maklumat

information system -sistem maklumat

information technology (IT) -teknologi maklumat (IT)

information theory - teori maklumat

information transfer -pemindahan maklumat

inherent error -ralat terwujud

inherited error -ralat warisan

inhibit gate -get halang

inhibit -halang

initial condition mode –mod keadaan awal

initial program loading (IPL) -pemuatan aturcaraawal (IPL)

initialization mode -mod pengawalan

ink jet printer -pencetak pancut dakwat

in-line processing -pemprosesan dalam baris

inorder -tertib sisipan

input buffer storage -storan penimbal input

input card –kad input

input data translator -penterjemah data input

input device -peranti input

input -input

input instruction –suruhan input

input job stream - strim kerja input

input -output buffer store -stor penimbal input -output

input port -port input

input primitive –primitif input

input program -aturcara input

input protection -perlindungan input

input register –daftar input

input routine program -aturcara rutin input

input routine -rutin input

input speed -kelajuan input

input subsystem -subsistem input

input variable -pemboleh ubah input

input work queue -baris gilir kerja input

input-output (I/O) -input-output (I/O)

input-output bound –keterikatan input-output

input-output channel - saluran input-output

input-output control -kawalan input-output

input-output control system -sistem kawalan input-output

input-output controller -pengawal input-output

input-output device –peranti input-output

input-output port –port input-output

inquiry mode -mod tanya

inquiry station -stesen tanya

insert -sisip

insertion sort -isihan sisip

installation time -masa pemasangan

instantaneous value -nilai seketika

instantiation -penseketikaan

instruction address - alamat suruhan

instruction address register -daftar alamat suruhan

instruction control unit -unit kawalan suruhan

instruction counting register -daftar bilangan suruhan

instruction cycle -kitar suruhan

instruction deck -dek suruhan

instruction distribution channel -saluran agih suruhan

instruction location counter -pembilang tempat suruhan

instruction manual -manual suruhan

instruction modification -pengubahsuaian suruhan

instruction modifier -pengubahsuai suruhan

instruction per second -suruhan per saat

instruction pointer -penuding suruhan

instruction pointer register -daftar penuding suruhan

instruction processing unit -unit pemprosesan suruhan

instruction register -daftar suruhan

instruction repertoire -repertoire suruhan

instruction set -set suruhan

instruction stream –strim suruhan

instruction -suruhan

instruction tape -pita suruhan

instruction word -kata suruhan

integer -integer

integrated circuit (IC) -litar bersepadu (IC)

integrated circuit memory -ingatan litar bersepadu

integrated data processing -pemprosesan data bersepadu

integrated program -aturcara bersepadu

integrated services digital network (ISDN) -rangkaian digital perkhidmatan bersepadu (ISDN)

integrated software -perisian bersepadu

integrator -pengamir

intelligent terminal -terminal cerdas

intensity control -kawalan keamatan

interactive mode -mod saling tindak

interactive query -pertanyaan saling tindak

interactive system - sistem saling tindak

interbiock space -ruang antara blok

interblock gap (IBG) -, sela antara blok (IBG)

interconnection line. -talian saling sambung

interface adapter card -kad penyesuai antara muka

interference level -aras gangguan

interlace -penyelangselian

interlaced scanning -pengimbasan selang-seli

interleave -antara lembar

interleaving -pengantaralembaran

interlock circuit -litar saling kunci

intermediate node -nod pengantaraan

intermediate storage -storan pengantaraan

internal clock -jam dalaman

internal memory -ingatan dalaman

internal storage -storan dalaman

interpret program -aturcara tafsiran

interpreter -pentafsir

interpretive program -aturcara tafsir

interpretive tracing -penyurihan tafsir

interrupt disable -kelumpuhan sampukan

interrupt enable -kebolehan sampukan

interrupt flag register -daftar bendera sampukan

interrupt handling -pengendalian sampukan

interrupt key -kekunci sampukan

interrupt latency -kependaman sampukan

interrupt level -aras sampukan

interrupt mask bit -bit topeng sampukan

interrupt mask -topeng sampukan

interrupt priority -keutamaan sampukan

interrupt processing -pemprosesan sampukan

interrupt register -daftar sampukan

interrupt request -permintaan sampukan

interrupt routine -rutin sampUkan

interrupt -sampukan

interrupt service request -permintaan layan sampukan

interrupt service routine -rutin layan sampukan

interrupt signal -isyarat sampukan

interrupt status register -daftar status sampukan

intersymbol interference -gangguan antara simbol

intersystem communication -komunikasi antara sistem

interval timer -pemasa selang

invalid code -kod tak sah

inventory file -fail inventori

inverse gate -get songsang

inverse video -video songsang

inverted file -fail songsang

invisible register -daftar halimunan

isochronous transmission -penghantaran isokron

item size -saiz butir

iteration loop -gelung lelaran

iteration -pelelaran; lelaran

Jackson method –kaedah Jackson

jagged edge -pinggir bergerigi

jitter -ketaran

job control language (JCL) - bahasa kawalan kerja (JCL)

job input stream -strim input kerja

job output stream -strim output kerja

job queue management -pengurusan baris gilir kerja

job run -jalanan kerja

joint information content –kandungan maklumat bersama

joystick -kayu bedik

jump instruction –suruhan lompat

jumper -pelompat

justified text -teks terlaras

juxtaposition –pendampingan

Kamaugh map -peta Kamaugh

kernel -inti

kerning -pengkernan

key cap –butang kekunci

key compression -pemampatan kunci

key -kekunci; kunci

key mat -kepilan kekunci

key matching -pemadanan kunci

key pad -pad kekunci

key sequence -jujukan kunci

key stroke -ketukan kekunci

key transformation -penjelmaan kunci

keyboard input -input papan kekunci

keyboard lock -kunci papan kekunci

keyboard -papan kekunci

keyboard template -templat kekunci

keyword-in-context (KWIC) -kata kunci dalam konteks (KWIC)

keyword-out-of-context (KWOC) -kata kunci luar konteks (KWOC)

kill -bunuh

kilobyte (KB) -kilobait (KB)

kludge -kluj

knowledge acquisition -pemerolehan pengetahuan

knowledge base -pangkalan pengetahuan

knowledge engineering -kejuruteraan pengetahuan

knowledge representation -perwakilan pengetahuan

knowledgeware -perisian pengetahuan

kod code level -aras kod

kod code word -kata kod

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